Other names:Pimelea arenaria, Pimelea villosa subsp. arenaria
Threat category:At Risk: Declining?
Regions:Northland, Auckland, Waikato, Bay of Plenty, Gisborne, Hawkes Bay, Manawatu-Wanganui, Taranaki, Wellington, Nelson-Tasman, Marlborough, Westcoast, Canterbury, Otago, Southland
Distribution:North Island and South Island
- A low growing shrub of coastal sand dunes with spreading branches and erect branchlets.
- 1-2 cm long leaves that have shiny hairs on their undersides, and are arranged in four rows along the stem.
- Small, white flowers are clustered at the ends of branchlets and result in white or red fruits.
- As noted on the NZPCN website (accessed November 2016) the taxonomy of Pimelea villosa is unsatisfactory and further research is required. Therefore a broad concept of P. villosa is applied here that includes P. villosa subsp. villosa and P. villosa subsp. arenaria.
Distribution and Habitat
- Coastal sand dunes throughout New Zealand, but decreasing and with gaps in its former range.
- Habitat modification and loss.
- Competition from marram grass.
- Browsing of seedlings by possums.
- Damage from vehicle traffic.
- Seed predation by rodents.
- Survey for new locations.
- Mark known sites.
- Protection of habitat.
- Keep marram grass clear of sites where sand daphne is growing.
- Collect seed and propagate for re-establishment in appropriate sites.
- Ensure that forest owners to dune forests are aware of potential habitats and can recognise the species.
- Check existing populations annually.
- Report new locations to DOC, NZPCN.
Further Information and Support
- New Zealand Plant Conservation Network (NZPCN). http://www.nzpcn.org.nz
- Wilson & Galloway (1993). Small-leaved shrubs of New Zealand. Manuka Press, Christchurch.
- Poole & Adams (1994). Trees and shrubs of New Zealand. Maanaki Whenua Press, Lincoln.