Sand gunnera Gunnera arenaria

Key Features

  • A creeping, patch-forming plant with thick, dark green leaves that have strongly toothed margins. Tiny flowers are borne on small, upright spikes and develop into pale yellow to bright orange fruits.

Distribution and Habitat

  • North and South Islands. Damp sandy ground and dune hollows.


  • Habitat modification and loss.
  • Competition with invasive plants.

Management Opportunities

  • Survey for new locations.
  • Mark known sites.
  • Protection of habitat.
  • Weed control.

Monitoring Options

  • Check existing populations annually.
  • Report new locations to DOC and NZPCN.

Further Information and Support

  • New Zealand Plant Conservation Network (NZPCN).
  • Weed management - DOC, Regional Councils
  • References:
    • Wilson (1994). Field guide. Stewart Island Plants. Manuka Press, Christchurch.
    • Johnson, P.N. & Brooke, P.A. (1989). Wetland plants in New Zealand. DSIR Publishing, Wellington.