- Turner’s kohuhu has a different form depending on its growth stage.
- Young plants are cylindrical shrubs up to 2 m tall with dark grey bark, interlacing, zig-zagging branches and small (0.5-2 cm long), oblong, glossy, leathery leaves of varying shape and colour.
- As plants grow older, the foliage gradually changes, with straplike leaves becoming longer (3-5 cm) and up to 1 cm wide, with smooth or slightly wavy margins.
- Adult trees are up to 7 m tall with a spreading canopy, and have small, creamy red flowers on female trees.
Distribution and Habitat
- Central North Island, from southern Pureora across the Volcanic Plateau to northwest Ruahine Range.
- Forest margins on alluvial sites, typically streamsides and frost hollows.
- Habitat modification and loss, due to land development or succession to tall forest.
- Highly susceptible to possum browse.
- Lack of birds to disperse fruit.
- Mark known sites.
- Survey for new locations.
- Protection of habitat.
- Possum control by poisoning or trapping.
- Reintroduce to appropriate sites.
- Encourage birdlife.
- Ensure that forest owners are aware of potential habitats and can recognise the species.
- Check existing populations annually.
- Report new locations to DOC, NZPCN.
Further Information and Support
- New Zealand Plant Conservation Network (NZPCN). http://www.nzpcn.org.nz
- Possum control - Department of Conservation, Regional Councils.
- Dopson et al. (1999). The conservation requirements of New Zealand’s nationally threatened vascular plants. Threatened Species Occasional Publication 13. Department of Conservation, Wellington.
- Wilson & Galloway (1993). Small-leaved shrubs of New Zealand. Manuka Press, Christchurch.
- Peter de Lange, Peter Heenan, David Norton, Jeremy Rolfe and John Sawyer (2010). Threatened Plants of New Zealand. Canterbury University Press, Christchurch. 472 pp.